The Most famous carnivals of the world
In mid-February, 40 days before Easter, begins a two-week “farewell to meat” – carnivals (carno – meat, vale – goodbye). Pagan origins of this riotous fun, just protuberancy, and then burst outwards, blinding and stunning the whole world. In Europe the most famous and popular are the carnival in Venice, carnival in nice.
Carnival of Venice opens the Festa delle Marie, which is dedicated to the liberation of the Venetian girls, kidnapped by pirates from Istria. At the carnival, all of Venice is turning into one solid scene; in the squares and streets are costumed shows, fireworks, concerts in the palaces – luxury fancy-dress balls. The carnival of Venice has a lot of written and unwritten laws, and this is not surprising, given his advanced age: the first record of it dates back to 1094, and in 1296 the Senate of the Venetian Republic announced the last day before Lent a public holiday. But your own carnival anthem received much later in the twentieth century, and was formed in 1996 by the famous couturier Pierre Cardin.
The world-famous Venetian carnival masks are made of leather or papier-mache; they are painted by hand is decorated with gold leaf, feathers and precious stones. And without that spoiled the attention of tourists at the carnival, Venice becomes a real place of pilgrimage for those who want to see the revived tradition of the middle Ages.
To the middle Ages and the story goes back to the main holiday of the Riviera – carnival in nice. It was first mentioned in 1294, due to the fact that the count of Provence, Charles d’anjou, made here the holidays in the last days before Lent. Until the XVIII century, the carnival in nice was the series of parades and dancing in the streets and squares. During the French revolution, his conduct began to decline, but in 1830 there was a magnificent parade of carriages and carriage, marked the beginning of the parade on the platforms. Already in 1873 the Carnival in nice was taken under the patronage of the Government, and on 23 February 1873 took place the entrance of King Carnival.
Since then, this tradition has not changed: His Majesty the King of Carnival rides nice and is surrounded by a dancing entourage. He is accompanied by a Grand procession of colorful platforms with dancers, musicians and “masks”. In the evening in the centre of nice passes “Parade of Lights”, and later that night the King of the Carnival is burned at the stake, after which all the inhabitants of nice and the carnival guests admiring the nightly fireworks.
In 1876 he first held the flower Parade, a procession was organized on the beach along the Promenade des Anglaes. Today, the Parade of Colors – the brightest part of the holiday. The procession consists of two dozen platforms, elaborately decorated with daisies, irises, gerberas, roses, carnations, gladioli and a symbol of nice Mimosas; they accompany the actors in the luxurious and extravagant costumes.
But the most of the bright colors of Venice and nice not to compare with the riot of luxury, unbridled fun and dazzling luster, which are the carnivals in Latin America; in Brazil and Argentina carnival is not just an annual celebration, but a philosophy, a lifestyle.
Once on the shores of the New world, the ideas of Catholicism reached a strange interpenetration with the pagan beliefs of the local tribes, to which were added the ancient religion of the African slaves. The result of this alloy and the carnival in Rio de Janeiro, when the streets of one of the largest cities in Brazil, become an arena for competition numerous Samba schools.
The carnival begins at the “Sambadrome”; demonstrations 12 elite Samba schools last two nights. Among these schools are the oldest teams that appeared in the 20-ies of the last century. Continues the tradition of the street dance, which is open to anyone – but mainly in the northeast of Brazil, in the cities of Recife and Olinda.
In Argentina, the center of the carnival is the city Gualeguaychu (Gualeguaych?). It is the capital of the longest in the world of the carnival parades are held within two months. It’s called the Carnival of the country, and marches are held every Saturday starting the first Saturday of January to the first Saturday of March. “The carnival” is the third Saturday of January.
The biggest in Europe and second in the world after carnival in Rio de Janeiro is the carnival in Tenerife, the largest island of the Canary archipelago. Holiday center is the city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and the main event is the selection of the Carnival Queen. Participating parades a year preparing costumes, weighing up to 80 pounds. After selecting the Queen begins a magnificent parade, followed by dancing, music and fireworks. The procession ends lush playful funeral of the sardine in the ocean. Sardine driven through the streets in carriages and “sadly” mourn. Given the frivolous suits participants, for children, a certain carnival – kids.